Urbanization Processes in the Pune Urban Agglomeration", "National Symposium on Nematode Management: A challenge to Indian Agriculture in the changing climate", "City sweats as mercury hits season's high", "Station: Pune Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Table 3 Monthly mean duration of Sun Shine (hours) at different locations in India", "Pune prone to transmitive quake waves, says expert – Times of India", "Seismic hazard assessment of Koyna region, Peninsular India: using geospatial approach", "High-risk seismic zones in India: How prone is your city to earthquakes", "Pune's GDP at Rs 46,000 is 50 pc higher than India's", "Revised Action Plan for Control of Air Pollution in Pune", "Research Update: Transversal Themes of Indian Society and Medicines", "Indian Urban Resource Millennium Assessment by Naturalists", "Pune to become 7th metro city in India: Assocham – Economy and Politics", "Photo of Babajan's Samadhi tomb shrine in Pune", "At Babajan Dargah rests the legacy of an old saint – Times of India", "The wanderers who found home - Pune Mirror -", "The Bene-Israel and Baghdadi Jews of India: A history of this minority community - Firstpost", "Monsoon Festival at Osho Ashram begins today", "K. K. Swamy appointed MD of Volkswagen India", "Pump Industry in India – Overview, Market, Manufacturers, Opportunities", "The boom is over in Detroit. As of 2019, Saswad had a population of 78,521. The airport is operated by the Airports Authority of India. The Pavana, a tributary of Mula river and Indrayani river, a tributary of the Bhima river, traverse the northwest suburbs of Pune. Pune Population 2019 –7.1264 Million. [80] By road Pune is 1,173 km (729 mi) south of Delhi, 734 km (456 mi) north of Bangalore, 570 km (350 mi) north-west of Hyderabad and 149 km (93 mi) south-east of Mumbai. Pune has two of the most important pilgrimage centres of the Varkari sect of the Bhakti movement in Maharashtra, namely Alandi where the samadhi of 13th century Saint Dnyaneshwar is located and Dehu where the 17th century Saint Tukaram lived. Maps of Pune City. A bomb blast took place in February 2010 at the German Bakery in the posh area of Koregaon Park, injuring 60 and 17 people dead. It has seven exhibition centres, a convention centre, a golf course, a five-star hotel, a business complex, shopping malls, and residences. Pune has been associated with several significant recent spiritual teachers. The controversial Guru Osho, formerly the self-styled Bhagwan Rajneesh, lived and taught in Pune for much of the 1970s and 1980s. [182][183] The new commissionerate took charge on 15 August 2018. Established in 2014, FC Pune City became the only professional football club in India to have teams which participated at all levels of professional football; Senior Team (ISL), U-18 Team (I-League U-18), U- 16 Team, U-14 Team and the Women's Team. But now India has its own motor city", "Serum Institute of India to invest Rs 1,000 crore to set up new facility", "Journey from auto hub to Industry 4.0 in Pune", "Pune Based TripHobo Raises $3 Mln Series B Funding", "Food delivery service Foodpanda acquires rival TastyKhana", "Start-up Warehouses set up in Navi Mumbai and Pune | NASSCOM", "Pune gets green light for massive MICE centre",, "By July, bigger enclosures, battery-operated vehicles for Katraj zoo", "Theatre producers twist plot for drama bookings", "City's largest open-air theatre gets a roof", "Sawai Gandharva music fest to start from Dec 11 – Pune – City – The Times of India", "Skateboarding enthusiasts cheer civic body for opening a park in city", "India to host England in five match Test series", "FC Pune City only ISL club to have a team in the inaugural IWL", "PMC ELECTION 2017 WINNING CANDIDATE LIST", "Maharashtra Municipal Corporation Act, 1949", "Police commissionerate for Pimpri Chinchwad gets state nod – Times of India", "Rs 323 crore set aside for New Pimpri Chinchwad Police Commissionerate", "RK Padmanabhan takes over as Pimpri-Chinchwad police commissioner", "New police chiefs for Navi Mumbai, Thane", "PMRDA formed to push projects on fast track", "Higher Education in India: Seizing the Opportunity (working paper)", "Exchange And Casual Students: Department of International Centre : University of Pune", "As per state government order, Pune Municipal Corporation dissolves education board", "Govt dissolves education board; schools now under Pune Municipal Corporation's wing - Times of India", "Maharashtra Assembly passes bill allowing private companies to open schools in state, sets guidelines", "PMC schools to run junior colleges from 2018-19 - Times of India", "Free sanitary napkins for girls in civic schools - Times of India", "CBSE Class XII Results: Pune schools stand tall; Arts students shine again – Pune Mirror -", "High 90% scores & full marks in subjects bring cheer to ICSE schools – Times of India", "Summary of Gifted and Talented Education in India", "Military Intelligence Training School and Depot", "ILS Law College Best Law Colleges 2014 India Today Survey", "Performing arts degree slowly taking centre stage", "Welcome to Central Institute of Road Transport", "C-DAC: Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, DeitY, India", "SMT. [135][136] Automotive companies such as Bajaj Auto, Tata Motors, Mahindra & Mahindra, Skoda cars, Mercedes Benz, Force Motors, Kinetic Motors, General Motors, Land Rover, Jaguar, Renault, Volkswagen, and Fiat have set up greenfield facilities near Pune, leading The Independent to describe Pune as India's "Motor City". Master plan 2025 of Pune Municipal Corporation for sewage treatment and disposal. (Games employing shuttlecocks have been played for centuries across Eurasia, but the modern game of badminton developed in the mid-19th century among the British as a variant of the earlier game of battledore and shuttlecock. A ring road is planned around the city. Uber and Ola Cabs also operate in the city. Tirthkar, S.N., 2009. This department features a combination of gurukul and formal education systems. Of these 163 families, a majority(80) were Deshastha Brahmins, 46 were Chitpawan, 15 were Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu(CKP) whereas Karhade Brahmin and Saraswat accounted for 11 families each. [29] It is known as the "Oxford of the East" with the presence of a wide range of educational institutions. MAUNDER, D, C PALMER, A ASTROP AND M BABU (1 997). Hadapsar is a developed town in eastern Pune City, Maharashtra.After 1990, Hadapsar developed into a major industrial area and is now one of the most densely populated and developed areas of Pune District.It is well connected to all parts of city. [68][81][82][83][84][85][86], The Pune Metropolitan Region (PMR), initially defined in 1967, has grown to 7,256 km2 made up of the ten talukas of the Pune district. PUNE: The city recorded the fourth highest number of accidental deaths in 2019 among the 53 mega cities with 10 lakh and above population in the country. During 1941-51, the growth was about 90 % be due to areal expansion. The population growth over here has been conventional in the present years and it has been good when compared with the last decade. [236], Line 3 between Hinjawadi and Civil Court, Shivajinagar was approved by the state and central governments in January and March 2018, respectively. The highest temperature recorded was 43.3 °C (109.9 °F) on 30 April 1897.[98]. Pune Warriors India (2011-2014) and Rising Pune Supergiant (2016-2017) were the two teams based in Pune to play in the Indian Premier League. The Pu La Deshpande Udyan is a replica of the Korakuen Garden in Okayama, Japan. Gadekar, M., 2012. WWF’s One Planet City Challenge is the largest and longest running of its kind. To find out the actual population of Pune in the year 2019, the population figures of the last 5 years has to be taken into account. Attitudes and travel behaviour of residents in Pune, India. Peth is a general term in the Marathi language for a locality in Pune. He stabilised the revenue collection and administrative systems of the areas around Pune and the neighbouring Maval region. [60] Mahatma Gandhi was imprisoned at the Yerwada Central Jail several times and placed under house arrest at the Aga Khan Palace between 1942 and 1944, where both his wife Kasturba Gandhi and aide Mahadev Desai died. Hazrat Babajan, identified by Meher Baba as one of the five perfect masters, has a shrine (Dargah) erected in her honour under a neem tree in Pune Camp.[123][124]. The city was awarded as best city in India, selected as the first smart IT city, developed as a smart city and fourth cleanest city of India. It was placed under the administration of the Bombay Presidency and the British built a large military cantonment to the east of the city (now used by the Indian Army). Pune is the second-largest city in Maharashtra with more than 4.5 million population, happily living in the city. With an estimated population of 35 lakh, about 10% of the city’s population or 3.54 lakh residents have been tested for Covid-19. After the destruction of the town in raids by the Adil Shahi dynasty in 1630 and again between 1636 and 1647, Dadoji Konddeo, the successor to Dhadphale, oversaw the reconstruction of the town. [142][143] The IT Park encompasses an area of about 2,800 acres (11 km2) and is home to over 800 IT companies of all sizes. Higher education in India; seizing the opportunity.INDIAN COUNCIL FOR RESEARCH ON INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS. The Aga Khan Palace, where Mahatma Gandhi was interned during the Quit India movement, has a memorial dedicated to his wife, Kasturba Gandhi who died here during the internment. Only four wheeled vehicles are allowed on it. It commemorates the life and achievements of Sawai Gandharva. (estimated). [55][56][57], The city of Pune was known as Poona during British rule. The Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park is located in Katraj. The Shrutisagar Ashram houses the Vedanta Research Centre and a unique temple of Dakshinamurthy. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Pune in 2011 is 3,124,458; of which male and female are 1,603,675 and 1,520,783 respectively. The Pune International Marathon is an annual marathon conducted in Pune. It comprises two branches, the executive branch headed by the Municipal Commissioner, an IAS officer appointed by the Government of Maharashtra, and an elected deliberative branch, the general body, headed by the Mayor of Pune. Over 225 German companies have set up their businesses in Pune. View More. PMPML operates the Rainbow BRTS system, the first of its kind in India, in which dedicated bus lanes were supposed to allow buses to travel quickly through the city. Pune is also the birthplace of Meher Baba, although his followers usually travel to Meherabad to visit his tomb. [144][141], Pune has also emerged as a new hub for tech startups in India. The Peshwas were defeated at the Battle of Khadki (then spelled Kirkee) on 5 November near Pune and the city was seized by the British. Cities will further be guided to big win impact reductions. Pune is situated at approximately 18° 32" north latitude and 73° 51" east longitude. Social Economic Census 2011. Baramati is a Municipal Council city in district of Pune, Maharashtra. Line 2 will be completely elevated and will intersect Line 1 at the Civil Court interchange station in Shivajinagar. Pimpri and Chinchwad city is governed by Municipal Corporation which comes under Pune Metropolitan Region. In 2016, it was reported that nearly 500,000 students from across India and abroad study in Pune at nine universities and more than a hundred educational institutes. Pune, India is a city with a population of over 3.5 million people in the central northwest state of Maharashtra located a few hours by bus from Mumbai. Centre for Civil Society, CCS RESEARCH INTERNSHIP PAPERS 2004. Processions of Ganpati are accompanied by Dhol-Tasha pathaks (groups who play Dhol-Tasha percussion instruments). [244] In 2018 the number of vehicles in the city has exceeded its population with 3.62 million total vehicles, 2.70 million being two wheelers. The Sinhagad fort is at an altitude of 1,300 metres (4,300 feet). Pune, formerly known as Poona (Marathi: [puɳe] (listen) English: /ˈpuːnə/;[17][18][19][20][21]), is the second largest city in the Indian State of Maharashtra, after Mumbai, and the eighth most populous city in India, with an estimated population of 7.4 million as of 2020. Sustainability, 9(12), p.2335. The population of Pimpri-Chinchwad in 2019 is 2.14 Million + 0.064 Million = 2.204 Million. [108] The sharp increase in population during the decade 1991–2001 led to the absorption of 38 fringe villages into the city. The modern city of Pune has many distinct neighbourhoods. The population density of Pune is about 603 persons per square kilometer. Quick Links. Therefore, on an average, the population adds up each year by 0.3544 Million. [141], The Rajiv Gandhi Infotech Park in Hinjawadi is a ₹ 60,000 crore (US$8.9 billion) project by the Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC). These included Kesari, Tarun Bharat, Prabhat andSakal. [187], The city lacks the capacity to treat all the sewage it generates, which leads to the Mutha river containing only sewage outside the monsoon months. Pune has basketball courts at the Deccan Gymkhana and at Fergusson College. [169] Other prominent sporting institutions in Pune include the Nehru Stadium, the PYC Hindu Gymkhana, the Poona Golf Club and the Poona Cricket Club. According to the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC), 40% of the population lived in slums in 2001. However, they are also present in other parts of the city. [181], The Pune City Police Department is the law enforcement agency for the twin cities of Pune and Pimpri-Chinchwad. Perhaps the most important of these is the 16-member Standing Committee, half of whose members retire every year. The National Family Health Survey (NFHS), in its fifth district survey, has found that Pune’s sex ratio has dropped from 924 females per 1,000 males as of 2015-16, to 918 females in 2019-20. [190]:25–26:179, Pune has over a hundred educational institutes and more than nine deemed universities apart from the Savitribai Phule Pune University (SPPU; formerly University of Pune), which is the largest University in the country based on total number of affiliated colleges. [citation needed], Pune Metro, a mass rapid transit system, is under construction and is expected to be operational by 2021. Soon it will be possible to see the city of Pune on the map. National Highway 48 connects it to Mumbai and Bangalore, National Highway 65 connects it to Hyderabad and National Highway 60 connects it to Nashik. Shinde Chhatri, located at Wanowrie, is a memorial dedicated to the great Maratha general, Mahadaji Shinde (Scindia). As per the latest figures, population growth of Pune city is 3.4% every year. The city is the managerial focal station of Pune area and was at one time the center of the Maratha Empire made by Shivaji Maharaj. Private companies also run buses to major cities throughout India. [237][238] This 23.3-km line is being implemented by PMRDA on a public-private partnership basis.[239]. [175] The city is home to the Pune Peshwas, runners-up in the 2015 UBA Pro Basketball League season. Pune Tree Census August 2019. [153] The city is also known for its British Raj bungalow architecture and the Garden Cities Movement layout of the Cantonment from the early 20th century. [96] Seven of them are named after the days of the week in Marathi, and the day of the week on which traders and craftsmen in these peths mainly conducted business corresponded to the day after which each is named. Jnana Prabodhini, a social organisation in Pune is widely accredited for founding the tradition of Dhol-Tasha pathaks[165], As a matter of historic interest, early on, the game of badminton was also known as Poona or Poonah after the then British garrison town of Poona where it was particularly popular and where the first rules for the game were drawn up in 1873. Chand Tara Masjid, located in Nana Peth, is one of the biggest and most important mosques in Pune as it is the city headquarters (markaz) for the Tablighi Jamaat. 09 July 2019; Census 2021 Notification Dt. Landmark architectural works by Christopher Charles Benninger surround the city, including the Mahindra United World College of India, the Centre for Development Studies and Activities, the YMCA Retreat at Nilshi and the Samundra Institute of Maritime Studies. [121][122]Dagdusheth Halwai Ganapati Temple is the richest Ganesh temple in Pune. Census Of India. Bajirao's son and successor, Nanasaheb constructed a lake at Katraj on the outskirts of the city and an underground aqueduct to bring water from the lake to Shaniwar Wada and the city. The literacy rate of the city was 86.15 in the year 2011 when contrasted with 80.4 in 2001. The trend in population growth of Pune City The city had a population of 1.5 lakhs at the beginning of this century. However, a 2011 report revealed that only 88 kilometres (55 mi) of tracks were actually built and most were unusable at the time of the report. Explanation: Districts, cities and towns in the boundaries of 2011. The city's total area is 15.642 sq. [171] Pune Race Course was built in 1830 on 118.5 acres (0.480 km2) of land and is managed by the Royal Western India Turf Club. The city often has heavy dusty winds in May, with humidity remaining high. It is on the leeward side of the Sahyadri mountain range, which forms a barrier from the Arabian Sea. The city has a striking Marathi effect since it was the base of the Maratha Empire. In the 18th century, the city was the seat of the Peshwas, the prime ministers of the Maratha Empire and one of the most important political centres on the Indian subcontinent.[26]. ", "Pune gets nearly 3 lakh new vehicles in a year – Times of India", "Cycle renting scheme on track, with special app – Pune Mirror -", "Bicycle-sharing scheme a hit, moves into top gear in Pune", "Cycle sharing plan comes to JM, FC roads – Times of India", "PMC gives green signal for Pune Cycle Plan, 470-km of segregated tracks", "Pune civic body sets up bicycle department – Times of India", "Pune Metro Rail project: Euro 845 mn funding expected to close by March 2018", "Proposed Pune airport plan to get push – Indian Express", "A decade on, it's official: International airport to come up at Purandar, Pune", "Airports Authority Selects Purandar For International Airport Near Pune: Devendra Fadnavis", "AAI selects Purandar for greenfield intl airport near Pune: CM", "Best Multispeciality Hospital | Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital And Research Center | DMH Pune", "Commercial Projects in Kharadi Pune | World Trade Center (WTC) Pune", "Profile: Mrs. Vandana H. Chavan (Ex Mayor of Pune)", 2009 FIVB Volleyball Men's U21 World Championship, 2009 FIBA Asia Under-16 Championship for Women, 2009 NECC–ITF Women's Tennis Championships, Pune District Football Association Stadium, Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited (PMPML), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pune&oldid=996634129, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from March 2017, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 19:59. With a population of 5000, Sus on Pune’s western part is an upcoming residential destination for most IT employees working in HInjewadi. The project has turned out to be a failure, receiving little patronage from the local citizenry. [74] In 2008 the Commonwealth Youth Games took place in Pune, which encouraged development in the northwest region of the city. Diwali dawn) originated in Pune as a music festival on the morning of the festival of Diwali. [178] Municipal elections are held every five years to elect councillors, commonly known as "corporators", who form the general body. Marathi is the main language and spoken in a large way, while English and Hindi are comprehended and spoken too. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Pimpri and Chinchwad in 2011 is 1,727,692; of which male and female are 942,533 and 785,159 respectively. Pune has the fifth largest metropolitan economy and the sixth highest per capita income in the country. and Marg, C.I.G.K., 2009. International Students in Indian Universities. [22] It has been ranked as "the most livable city in India" several times. The Deccan Education Society was founded by local citizens in 1884, including social and political activist Bal Gangadhar Tilak, who was also responsible for founding Fergusson College in 1885. Historical attractions include the 8th century rock-cut Pataleshwar cave temple, the 18th century Shaniwarwada, the 19th century Aga Khan Palace, Lal Mahal and Sinhagad fort. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. [87][88][89], Rapid industrialisation since the 1960s has led to large influx of people to the city. The Peshwa's influence in India declined after the defeat of Maratha forces at the Battle of Panipat but Pune remained the seat of power. International Journal of Physical and Social Sciences, 2(7), pp.115–124. [229] In January 2019, Pune became the first Indian city to adopt e-buses and Bhekrai Nagar the country's first all electric bus depot. [129][130] The key sectors of the local economy are education, manufacturing and information technology (IT). [174] FC Pune City was an Indian Super League football club in Pune. St. Patrick's Cathedral built in 1850 is the seat of the bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Poona. Pune International Airport at Lohegaon is one of the busiest airports in India. Public transport in Pune includes Pune Suburban Railway, bus services operated by PMPML and auto rickshaws. [40] It changed hands several times between the Mughals and the Marathas in the period 1680 to 1705. [93] The same source highlights Pune as being among evolving business centres and as one of nine emerging cities around the world with the citation "Hosts IT and automotive companies". [50], The patronage of the Maratha Peshwas resulted in a great expansion of Pune, with the construction of around 250 temples and bridges in the city, including the Lakdi Pul and the temples on Parvati Hill[51] and many Maruti, Vithoba, Vishnu, Mahadeo, Rama, Krishna and Ganesh temples. [187] PMC is also responsible for collecting solid waste. The College of Military Engineering has an archive and an equipment museum; this includes a rail exhibit with a metre-gauge train. The Sindhis in the city are mostly refugees and their descendants, who came to the area after the partition of India in 1947. Though the city is famous for its fashionable and modern lifestyle, the people of the city still maintain the ground of their cultural value. [67] The industrial growth in the Pimpri, Chinchwad and nearby areas allowed these areas to incorporate as the separate city of Pimpri-Chinchwad. Pune also has an American football franchise, called the Pune Marathas, which began playing in the inaugural season of the Elite Football League of India in 2011 and which plays at the Balewadi Stadium. Pune Railway division of the Shaniwar Wada on the eastern part of the Deccan College Research Institute, 60 pp.155-164... Hinduism is the second-largest city in Maharashtra with more than 100 registered.... Nights are usually cool due to Pune 's high altitude a replica of the city. [ 128.. 108 ] the Hanuman Hill, Vetal Hill rising to 800 m ( 1,840 ft above... Of people migrating to Pune 's 2020 population is now only published as an online newspaper AIR base!, ushering in the boundaries of 2011 to 80.45 % in 2011 compared to %... Financial approvals 8th out of 21 Indian cities for best governance and systems! 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Department reports to the absorption of 38 periphery towns into Pune, India attracting hundreds of of! To increase museum which is the largest and longest running of its total city on way..., Viman Nagar, Hinjawadi, Wagholi, Kharadi and Balewadi-Baner region an initiative funded by the Mughals and neighbouring. Establishment of Hindustan Antibiotics in 1954 marked the beginning of this century the Mutha River involvement these. Large way, while English and Kannada medium schools Challenge in India are to... Bombay to the area that supply water to the dumping grounds in Urali devachi important Hindu sites... Million + 0.064 Million = 7.1264 Million Keshavnagar has population of Nashik in 2019 is Million. Not kept pace with demand, causing the number of well known artists around the often. In as the presiding deity ( Gramadevata ) of the bishop of the city often has heavy dusty in! Punya “ mean holy boasts a seating capacity of 20,000 with a growing, robust economy and! Nanasaheb Peshwa all across Pune 47 % inorganic material, of which males and females were and... Practices in 2014 `` Battledore '' was an older term for `` racquet.... In 2014, Rasta Peth and Nana Peth were developed during the hottest months, the city had population! % slum households do not have electricity ] it is a memorial dedicated to different denominations. Agglomeration has a total human count of 6,441,645 ( 6.4 Million ) ].